Tetraena qatarensis synonym Zygophyllum qatarense, a highly resilient perennial shrub of the desert

Tetraena qataransis is highly adapted to the challenging climatic conditions of the desert. The flora sustains in the desert ecosystem since unknown times and evolved in tune with the discourse of nature and climate change. Sometimes it is the only hope for food for the camels. It is full of medicinal characteristics and transfers the medicinal ingredients to the human and camel via milk.

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Though the camels love to eat the tenderous part of the bush but Zygophyllum is very strong, spread with many trunks, with deep roots, can sustain livelihood in the desert, and provides an opportunity of a healthy desert ecosystem as the bushes like Zygo are providing shelter, food, and even water and salts to the wildlife in the wilderness of the desert.
camels love browsing on Zygophyllum qatarense

Tetraena qatarensissynonym Zygophyllum qatarense commonly known as Harm, Hadidi & Thulin is a highly resilient shrub of the desert, halophytic and xerophytic. In my text, I have commonly used the word Zygophyllum qatarense

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetraena_qatarensis

I have learned much about the camels, their preferences, and the desert’s flora. Zygophyllum has a very bitter taste and saltish plant because of its’ high salts contents and some level of alkaloids (which depress the appetite of the animals, though camels have higher tolerable levels for alkaloids). Such biochemical molecules in the bushes like Zygophyllum sp. depress the appetite as well as poisonous for some types of livestock. Producing such molecules (alkaloids, saponin, etc) is the strategy of the plants to save their race from the grazing animals, therefore Zygophylum qatarense is browsed by camels to a certain level but not minimized to the ground level.

Camels browsing on Zygophyllum qatarense
Alain desert…

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Author: Dr Raziq Kakar

I’m Ph.D. in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. I have performed as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). I work on and write for the subjects of ‘turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal’, agricultural research policies, extensive livestock production systems, desert ecosystems, food security under climate change context, and sustainable use of traditional genetic resources for food and agriculture. Iim advocating camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe in camel potential. Camel4life is a camel think tank with a website and WhatsApp group, advocating camel at the policy level. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary, and Animal Scientists (SAVES), and the Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan. I also work as a freelance scientist working on the above-mentioned thematic areas. I'm currently a member of the steering committee for Desert Net International (DNI). I'm also doing camel dairying consultancies. I’m an ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, Ethnovet and ethomedicie researcher and reviewer. I explore deserts and grazing lands for knowledge and understanding.

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