Dairy Camel ~ Transforming from Desert Ecosystem to Modern Farming

Animal Genetic Resources, the Camel, Food Security and the Climate Change

The old world camels (Dromedary and Bactrian) are well adapted to the harsh (both cold extreme and hot extreme) and hostile (deserts with scarce water and feed availability) ecosystems of the north hemisphere of the globe. The centuries long evolution and adaptation (selection for traits of choice by pastoralists) process made it unique and highly resilient animal to the calamities of its ecosystems. The pastoralists (traditional Institutions) managed and validated precious indigenous knowledge of camel husbandry, behavior, welfare, products development & management, breeding & neonatal care, health and recreation in the course of history while facing many challenges. The camel was mainly used in this period (pre-historic to automobile) as a beast of burden (wars, pastoral transportation, desert accessibility etc), while milk, meat and other products were used as by-products (additional asset).

The onset of automobile industry replaced (the intensity increased with the modernization and abundance of automobile) the role of camel…

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