Dairy Camel ~ Transforming from Desert Ecosystem to Modern Farming

SUSTAINABLE FARMING FOR FOOD AND HEALTH

The old world camels (Dromedary and Bactrian) are well adapted to the harsh (both cold extreme and hot extreme) and hostile (deserts with scarce water and feed availability) ecosystems of the north hemisphere of the globe. The centuries long evolution and adaptation (selection for traits of choice by pastoralists) process made it unique and highly resilient animal to the calamities of its ecosystems. The pastoralists (traditional Institutions) managed and validated precious indigenous knowledge of camel husbandry, behavior, welfare, products development & management, breeding & neonatal care, health and recreation in the course of history while facing many challenges. The camel was mainly used in this period (pre-historic to automobile) as a beast of burden (wars, pastoral transportation, desert accessibility etc), while milk, meat and other products were used as by-products (additional asset).

The onset of automobile industry replaced (the intensity increased with the modernization and abundance of automobile) the role of camel…

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Author: Dr Raziq Kakar

I’m Ph.D. in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. I have performed as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). I work on and write for the subjects of ‘turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal’, agricultural research policies, extensive livestock production systems, desert ecosystems, food security under climate change context, and sustainable use of traditional genetic resources for food and agriculture. Iim advocating camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe in camel potential. Camel4life is a camel think tank with a website and WhatsApp group, advocating camel at the policy level. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary, and Animal Scientists (SAVES), and the Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan. I also work as a freelance scientist working on the above-mentioned thematic areas. I'm currently a member of the steering committee for Desert Net International (DNI). I'm also doing camel dairying consultancies. I’m an ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, Ethnovet and ethomedicie researcher and reviewer. I explore deserts and grazing lands for knowledge and understanding.

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